Elderly activities are not just for entertainment!
...Or just to keep busy. Or filling up the hours to avoid boredom. They are also for the healthy maintenance of the body, mind, and spirit which may seem to lag a bit from elderly issues that occur as we age.
Crafts, exercise, hobbies, relaxation, mental fun, party ideas...! But is it only just to pass the time?
We know that taking care of our bodies involves our physical muscles. But we also have so-called “mental muscles.” The factors of the mind. Our mental muscles, too, need to be exercised – use it or lose it! What are these mental muscles? Reason, Imagination, and Memory are a few.
Our cells renew constantly, including our brain cells. Brain activity needs to be stimulated to keep our brains healthy and memories strong. Exercising our mental muscles with fun yet challenging elderly activities will help with this; great for nursing home activities too.
We have so many ideas they wouldn't all fit on this page. So we've broken them down, and continued them on other pages.
See our special pages on:
Elderly Games -- Lots of variety for many occasions.
Easy Food Activities -- Always a favorite!
Crafts For The Elderly -- Easy to modify too.
More Elderly Activities, With Kids -- A varied collection of things to do whether visiting or at home.
Outdoor Activities For Elderly -- Lots to do outside, for almost any season.
Meaningful Dementia Activities -- For special needs.
Activities For Elderly with Vision Loss -- (and Dad also has hearing loss)
Why hunt around our web site for crafts. Besides lots of never-seen-before new crafts, many projects from our web site are included. Over 120 projects. PLUS, a FREE booklet of template and patterns for your activities. Two books for one!
See Easy Crafts and Gifts -- and get a sneak peek!
A recent study conducted by scientists at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel discussed how important elderly activities are. And a long-held notion about the brain was nixed – that we were born with a certain amount of nerve cells in the brain, that they deteriorate and die, and they can’t be replaced.
This has now apparently been disproved. The brain can indeed continue to renew itself, especially the hippocampus area that affects memory. This is helped with mental activity and memory exercise. The full process of how the brain does this is not entirely understood yet.
Besides activities strictly for fun and entertainment such as hobbies and crafts, there are three other important types of elderly activities to emphasize. All three will both strengthen and reduce stress brought on by aging. Stress isn’t just about feelings; it can physically harm the brain and memory, especially with an overproduction of cortisol, the “stress hormone.”
1) Exercise and physical activity. See Fun Exercises For The Elderly.
2) Healthy nutrition
3) Memory exercise in elderly activities.
This Elderly Activities page is especially for those who are more
limited; many are great nursing home activities too. Also see our Senior Activity Ideas for more ideas of interest to active seniors (they can be modified for those in wheelchairs too).
Conversation Strengthens Memory -- In a University of Michigan study, psychologist Oscar Ybarra at the U-Michigan Institute for Social Research tested a large group of people up to 96 years old. He found that just 10 minutes of conversation with a friend worked just as well as elderly activities involving brain games, like crossword puzzles to strengthen the memory.
"In our study, socializing was just as effective as more
traditional kinds of mental exercise in boosting memory and intellectual
performance," he said. So make sure the elderly in your life have
plenty of time to socialize. It not only will help with memory, but also
elderly issues of depression and loneliness as well.
Recording Your Memoirs -- My own grown kids love that their grandfather recorded his memoirs, and we put them on a CD for everyone. They're intrigued by his stories and perspectives through the wars, Depression, post-war boom years, launching a career, raising a family (with me being one of the kids) back in the "olden days"! Especially, my son remarks, back when adolescent young men were still "gentlemen." See our page on Senior Activity Ideas for more details.
Puddle Painting -- One of the easiest kinds! You need good watercolor paper and watercolor paints, with a few brushes, water, etc. First just paint a puddle, with plain water, of a general flower (or bird, etc.) shape onto the paper.
Then load a brush with bright paint and dab it onto the edge of the water puddle. Dab another color onto another edge, and water the colors spread. You can also lightly brush a bit of paint into the middle of the shape. Later you can paint on a stem and simple leaf. Or add them on with markers or colored pencils.
Also try just making random designs with the same technique all over the paper. Let the painting dry. Then cut them into strips and laminate as book marks. If you do a painting on a paper sized 8x10 or larger, you could also laminate them and use them as place mats.
If you want to try decorating a frame for your art, see our page on picture frame crafts.
Play Chimes - the Easy Way -- We had a guest writer share tips and expertise about a very simple way to create music, without having to read music, or practice, or have talent. Easy enough for kids, and families! One of our activity consultants has played chimes herself and really recommends it as a simple and satisfying activity; either alone or with a group. Music can be an uplifting and social experience. See what he says at easy elderly music with chimes.
Hobbies -- Hobbies are not just a way to pass the time, but offer something to get up and get excited about, look forward to. Depression can involve having no "goals" or the blahs from not having anything to anticipate. And it’s never too late to begin new elderly activities. Especially if a previous hobby is no longer do-able -- then people become a little more open minded about trying new elderly activities to challenge and entertain themselves.
We have an entire page to help, on Finding A Hobby. Help elderly loved ones choose an activity that may be somewhat related to their previous hobby, yet different enough to learn something new. Photography to painting; or painting to photography, for instance. Or photography to plant identification, or bird watching, or learning about other places. Or woodworking to painting on wood.
Modifying Hobbies -- If seniors are no longer able to do their favorite hobby in the usual way, find alternative ways to do it or to share it. Cooking for instance. New elderly activities could include helping them create a family recipe book, put it on computer, and create a small booklet for family and friends.
I wished that our family would have organized some of my mom’s wonderful recipes in booklet form. This actually can be a fun activity for elderly to do. Or watch the Food Network or Travel Channel with them on TV.
Ask them to discuss the recipes and what they think, and how they might enhance them. Or if they had ever cooked a similar recipe and what they did. Look over new cookbooks from the library with them, and then have them help you in small ways to prepare a new dish. And of course eat it! Read about foods from other countries, and their customs (some of them are pretty wild, to us!)
You can do the same type of elderly activities with any hobby, such as gardening, home decorating, woodworking, travel, photography, or pets.
Edible Windowsill Garden -- Even for those who weren’t into gardening, windowsill gardens are fun elderly activities to do as a family or individually. Very popular gardens are those you can eat – there is a tangible goal! Edible window gardens usually consist of herbs. The easiest to grow are dill, basil, cilantro, lavender (which you can also use to make a lavender pillow), parsley, mint, thyme, oregano, and chives. Use a potting mix rather than soil, which can carry disease. A sunny windowsill is best.
Many types of pots and containers can be used, including simple plastic trays, but they should be at least 6 inches deep. Also get fertilizer specifically for edible plants! Use it about once per month. You don’t need to water herbs very often; just keep the soil barely moist so roots don’t get soggy. Cut and use them often.
As with other plants, they become fuller as they are clipped. You can also grow strawberries, tomatoes and sunflowers on the window sill. But I suggest you see your garden center for specific instructions. There are also windowsill herb and edible plant kits available, and these make really easy elderly activities.
Gone Fishing Party – We have lots more elderly activities – with parties! And many of them can be held indoors or out, any time of year. Including a fishing-themed extravaganza (my daughter actually had one of these as a bridal shower and it was a blast). So don’t let any weather stop you. Get plenty of details on our party theme ideas page.
Chocolate Covered “Worms” – Fabulous food project provide plenty more elderly activities, especially easy ones with chocolate. Make chocolate worms, use edible flowers on cupcakes, make mouse crafts with food, or luscious gourmet s’mores. We have all kinds of ideas on our easy food activities page.
Gentle Hand Massage -- A hand massage using gentle reflexology that stimulates the whole system is a little gift that you can give to the elderly you care for. And it is really easy to do; prior experience is not necessary. It's given with a favorite lotion (men and women alike), or is perfect to also do in conjunction with a manicure or salon type activity. See the handy hand reflexology chart we provide on this page to learn more about how reflex points work. My Dad loved hand massage.
Make An Easy Angel -- Angels can be displayed and enjoyed any time of year. Not just Christmas -- think Easter, birthdays, christenings, memorials, and more. Or perhaps you have a very special "angel" in your family or group? We show a very simple feather angel here (which can be made with any color of craft feathers, to fit the season or occasion), and we also show how to make them into a gently fluttering mobile on our feather angel craft page. But not only that, we have another whole page full of lots of other craft angels to try. See them all!
Grow an Amaryllis -- An amaryllis bulb kit is very inexpensive, about $5.99. Although these kits are typically found in large discount stores like Target during the winter holidays, I’ve also found them in Walgreen's during the summer. Amaryllis plants make fabulous elderly activities. Are you familiar with the amaryllis? They are tall and stately flowers with spectacular large blooms, several to a stalk.
Colors are typically brilliant red, pink and white. And do they ever grow fast. The kit comes with a bulb in soil, it soon sprouts, and then you can literally wake up every morning and see the difference. They can grow sometimes a half an inch a day. It’s a fantastic project to watch, and lasts for about 6 weeks.
Dad gets a real kick out of growing an amaryllis. He likes to have me measure it each morning to see the difference. Follow the instructions to let it go
dormant, then coax it to bloom again. In fact, if you handle the bulb
correctly, it can last for years.
Make Art To Music -- Music can be very soothing, and so can doing art. So combine the two! Get out some paper (large sized is great), some colored chalk pastels, water colors, even crayons. Put on some calming music (it can still be a little peppy if you'd like) and have your group just do whatever they feel.
Tell them they can't go wrong -- this is about doing art with feeling, rather than trying to create a representational masterpiece. The music will create the feeling. I remember doing this in grade school to "Waltz of the Flowers" from the Nutcracker. Everyone one in the class loved it, even the kids who usually hated art.
Making Easy Planters -- And when you grow those gardens, consider another fun and easy project -- creative planter ideas. Making and/or finding unusual planters is an easy activity for all ages and abilities. Use them as unique gifts and give-aways, show off heirloom and vintage items, plus see our easy craft ideas of how to give them a hand crafted touch. We used an old boot from a family member as a planter.
Make A Simple Centerpiece -- So many elderly activities can involve parties, get-togethers, public events, clubs, and the like, that making a nice centerpiece can be done pretty much year round. Plus they're great for give-aways, raffles, silent auctions, etc. Helping to make centerpieces can be a very fulfilling project. And they make great gifts.
We point you to the various projects all over our web site on our Make Fun and Affordable Centerpieces page. They're quite affordable because there are so many items you probably already have around that you can use. We show how.
Using templates and patterns -- For your arts and crafts and various elderly activities. I have drawn several templates and patterns for you, all copyright-free. (And lots more to come, so keep posted). Some are simpler, some fancier. But you can always modify them or use just parts of the pattern.
Use them to trace, to transfer onto paper or boards for painting, for posters and flyers, mobiles, greeting cards, coloring pages, for collage and cut-out projects. And much more.
Depending on ability level, they can also be used for faux quilts by tracing the shapes onto fabric, then gluing onto a fabric background. For lots more ideas for these patterns, start by looking at this page, which will then link you to more pattern and template pages: Free Leaf Template and Pattern Ideas. And also Flower Templates.
Expanding Horizons -- Many elderly still love to learn. And they should... Learning-oriented elderly activities exercise the brain and keep brain activity healthy. Encourage seniors to watch worthwhile educational programs on TV and programs associated with their hobbies.
There are also lots of documentary
films you can rent or stream to your TV. I narrate a huge variety of
these to Dad; something several times a week. He particular loves
anything to do with science, inventions and travel.
Encourage seniors to try watching and learning new things. (I joke with Dad that we could both have a Ph.d. in sciences by now from all the films we watch). They may also be interested in learning to surf the internet. Especially if you use a large-screen TV as the computer monitor, like we do. Seniors are becoming more and more computer savvy. As centenarian Maurice Eisman of Maryland said, “If I could leave any message, never stop learning. Period. That's it.”
Current Events -- Discuss current events on TV and in the newspaper, but keep it light and on a positive note as much as possible (some seniors can be prone to depression, so heavy current events may not be appropriate).
Keeping up what’s going on in the world helps seniors stay mentally involved. You can get other related elderly activities involved too. Ask for their opinions, and how an issue differed x-amount of years ago.
father is unable to read from vision loss, and severe hearing loss
prevents him from listening to the news himself. So on Tuesday and
Friday evenings I selectively read the newspaper to him. Since I know he
gets tired of hearing about war and scandals, we mostly skip those. I
also narrate the TV news to him, so he gets most of the current events
that way as well. But he still really enjoys it when I read to him.
When I read about something, I make sure to ask him if he remembers anything that had been on the TV news about the topic – very good memory exercise (also see our page on meaningful dementia activities). It usually leads to very lively discussion and opinions about all sorts of other issues as well. When I watch the news on TV with him, we turn off the sound during the ads and talk about what was just said. These activities are some of the highlights of his week.
Easy Yoga -- Exercise is always good for the mind and memory, and are important elderly activities. One of Dad's very favorites -- easy yoga, done in his chair. It really kept all his joints in good condition; he had no arthritis at all, even in his 90s. He chalked this up to exercise, especially joint movements associated with yoga. Even seniors who may not be as limber report that gentle yoga does a world of good for their overall well-being, joints, and even mobility.
I also exercised along with Dad (and hoped his good joints run in the family). I did some of my routines sitting alongside him, and some of them standing, as is usual. But for seniors, this does involve modifications. Learn more about this enjoyable form of exercise that just about anyone can do, and a few tips, at yoga for seniors.
Have A Tropical Luau -- Any time of year. Especially fun during dreary or cold weather.
We know many elderly folks who have either traveled or lived in warm
places, including the Polynesian Islands. And if not, have a party
experience. This one is sure to lift the spirits. You can make it simple
or do an extravaganza, even a fund raiser, inviting the public. Perhaps
with a raffle and/or silent auction following the theme. Get more ideas
about this and other parties at Perfect Party Theme Ideas.
Chocolate Strawberries -- Making and decorating these are fun and easy elderly activities, and easy to modify if some need help. We have all kinds of ways to decorate them. Learn to make colored kinds, plus traditional brown chocolate, as well as white. We have ideas for lots of different seasons and holidays too! See how to make chocolate covered strawberries.
Windowsill Flower Gardens
-- There are windowsill flower garden kits available and they provide
more elderly activities. But you can also create a quick garden from
flower cuttings as well. With a sharp knife, takes cuttings from the
garden of a friend or family member, or community garden. These should
have about a 4 inch stem. Remove the bottom leaves of course, then place
in a glass jar of water.
Canning jars are great, but so are smaller, decorative glass vases. Line them across the windowsill and watch them grow roots. Dump the water every week and replace with fresh water. These cuttings will last for many weeks.
If you still have them in the spring, plant them outdoors.
If you want something practically indestructible, take cuttings from a philodendron plant. I had the same cuttings in water for, yes, two to four years! I then planted them, and 15 years later they’re still growing strong.
My father moved here back to Minnesota after years in Arizona, so he likes cactus.
You can get several kinds and line them across the windowsill in their
pots. Or take them out of their pots, and transplant them all into a
long plastic container.
Use gravel and sand in the mix as well. Try these projects as group. Seniors who enjoyed gardening in the past may like to have a way to garden again. Or it’s also a nice option for those interested in finding a hobby. Learning about and growing different types of cactus can itself develop into a hobby.
-- For more elderly activities with flowers and plants try this. (It
can also involve fresh air in the outdoors). Go out out and pick fresh
flowers from a field trip, a community garden or windowsill garden.
Remove any wilted petals and leaves. Try not to let flower parts
overlap. Leaves should lay flat. The Old-Fashioned Way --
Choose a heavy book and line the inside pages with 2 or 3 sheets of
paper to protect the book. (I tried paper towels once and the whole
thing turned to mush).
Carefully lay the flowers on the paper, and cover with another 2 sheets. After closing the book I stack another couple of books on top. Or you can also place the book in your microwave and “cook” it for 30 seconds. You’ll have to repeat it a few times, checking to see if the flowers are almost dried. Then I let the book sit for at least another two weeks before opening.
The Easy Way -- You may know you can get a microwave flower press (at this time for about $30 to $50 depending on size). Just microwave for 15 to 25 seconds!
Flowers go from fluffy and thick to very thin, dry and flat; and
maintain some color too. Very pretty and I think well worth the
investment, if you like this type of project.
Dried flowers can be used in other elderly activities later on, for various seasons.
Pressed Flower Projects – For using your
pressed flowers… These flowers can then be used for many projects. You can use them
as gifts, including framing with your signature and maybe a favorite
saying, potpourri, decoupaging onto boxes, or pretty glass containers
(great for candle holders), or right onto the outside of a pillar candle (attach them only about half way up).
My son pointed out to me that he knows many girls who save their flowers from special occasions, from dances, graduation, weddings, etc. They'd LOVE to have a grandparent press them to keep as a memento, or to incorporate into another craft. Have your group come up with suggestions for how to use pressed flowers in upcoming activities.
Grow A Bonsai -- Bonsai growing is really popular, (and any kind of gardening makes wonderful elderly activities). You can find kits for amateurs in many places (I even found them at a big box home improvement store). Nurseries have them too, and you may be able to get a staff member to come out and give a short presentation, then get the group started. They might charge a fee or you may be able to get them do it for free, as a service to seniors.
At the very least, you'll be able
to get instructions online. Taking a group to a gardening show,
nursery, or bonsai association, to see their displays also makes a nice
Growing a bonsai does take some attention, but those who had been gardeners in the past will enjoy it. There may even be someone in your group who has done it before. Giving a bonsai kit also makes a great gift.
Photograph Activities -- Having fun with photos can easily evolve into many more elderly activities. Go over old photos and talk about your elderly loved one’s past or your growing up. Encourage them to share. Have them help you get those photos in albums with them, if they’re not already. You can make it into a lively ongoing scrapbooking project to do together or in a group.
A friend had her parents help sort out all the photos of her kids (of course they chatted about memories while sorting). She then got small photo albums for each child, and her parents helped assemble and put them in, writing special little notes on each page. Now her kids have a truly precious gift from their grandparents with very personal memories that they wrote.
Scrapbooking and working with photos are very popular now. You can even make your own personalized frame to go with a special photo, and give it as a gift. See our page on picture frame crafts, and see how you can modify the activities to fit your loved one or group.
Make Gourmet S'mores --
Like we've noted before, food is amongst the favorite elderly activities. There is something about s'mores that brings back fun memories of
bonfires and fireplaces, activities with family and grandkids, and the
good 'ole days. But we've taken them a step further, gourmet style. Why
settle for "same old" when you can create something nostalgic yet
spectacular. My son is who actually got me started with all this. See
some interesting takes on this favorite snack at How To Make Smores - The Gourmet Way.
Baby Visits -- See if you can arrange to have a relative or friend visit regularly with their little one. Elderly people love to interact with babies (Dad just lights up when he holds his great-grandchildren). Then ask your loved one how things were done when they were raising their babies, and what types of conveniences and inventions were popular at the time. And what things we take for granted now that were not even invented yet. If you are having an elderly family member or friend record their memoirs, these types of conversations can also be included.
Pet Visits -- Many elderly activities used revolve around pets, when someone was able to still have one. Arranging to have small, friendly pets visit is also a plus, especially for those who had pets and miss them. Studies have shown that just a half an hour of pet visiting per week had a big effect on lessening feelings of loneliness. Encourage the elderly to talk about the pets they had. It may also be possible for seniors to accompany the pet on a walk on the grounds or yard, if possible; even in a wheelchair.
Reading Aloud -- Reading can involve several more elderly activities, and reading aloud can be very special. Some seniors form reading groups and take turns reading aloud to the group. Others have regular times when they read to children. It's especially wonderful for those who can't see well enough to read on their own anymore, like Dad, to have someone read aloud to them.
If seniors are really interested in a particular topic, get a book from the library on the topic, especially with pictures. If you're reading to them, you can show and discuss the pictures. Encourage them to reminisce about their lives and what this topic means to them.
Older seniors also enjoy educational books geared for kids on these topics – the photos and illustrations are often much better, and the text more interesting! Also see our page on Senior Reading Activities. I read aloud to my Dad every night, and it is one of our favorite things to do together.
Children’s Books with Grandparent Topics -- Have kids read children’s books with a grandparent topic to elderly loved ones, or have the elderly read to them, (especially to their own grandchild). These are very cozy activities that kids remember for a long time.
One of my favorite books is called “Miss Rumphius” by Barbara Cooney -- about an elderly woman who sowed lupine flowers all over the hillsides by her town, and created lasting beauty for generations to come. Another is “How Does It Feel To Be Old?” by Norma Farber -- about a grandmother explaining aging to her grandchild. Also, “When I was Young in the Mountains” by Cynthia Rylant – about a grandfather who works in the coal mines. A fourth selection is “The Old Woman Who Named Things” by Cynthia Rylant – and not just her pets and car. There are many more, and a librarian or staff in the children’s section of a bookstore can help.
Kite Flying -- Great reason to go outdoors! (See this link for more outdoor activities for the elderly).
And it’s fun for both men and women; plus, invite kids as well. You can
buy inexpensive kites at a discount store or can even sometimes find
them in a dollar store. Making and decorating easy kites from a kit are
fun elderly activities and can be done in a group too. And kids love to
get involved in this one!
You may want to limit the length of the kite string so it’s more manageable. Go outside to an area where there are not too many trees, and take turns flying the kites.
Wheelchair participants can also attach the kites to their chairs. Bring along lemonade and a snack, or even a full picnic lunch. If you’re inviting kids, they can help make it. Many of the participants will have fun stories to tell about flying kites when they were young. So kites and conversation provide elderly activities that are good for the memory too.
Make A Gift Basket -- There's nothing more satisfying than doing something for someone else. Doing gift baskets provides many more elderly activities. They're also an easy way for elderly to contribute to a meaningful project, whether for a fund raiser, raffle, silent auction, someone who is sick (including children), a celebration, or special occasion. The reasons are almost endless. And many of them may involve a theme -- we have loads of ideas about that.
Many older seniors may have
a special something to add to the basket (perhaps a piece from a
collection or a vintage item) to make it especially personal. Or they
may still knit, do needlework, woodwork, art, etc. Their skills and
caring to make a difference are important! So take a look at our ideas
at Easy Make A Gift Basket Ideas.
Kindle Activities Book
If you need a comprehensive book with loads of senior activities, then we have the perfect Kindle book for you! (They can also be easily be read on your PC and other mobile devices. You don't need an actual Kindle.) This book has lots of new ideas, as well as neatly organized activities from our web site -- so you don't have to search all over. It's sectioned into handy categories, such as General Activities, Activities for Men, Fun Food Activities, Holiday Activities, Outdoor Activities, Dementia Activities, and much more! Get a sneak peek on our Kindle page at:
201 Fun! Senior Activities
Share Your Elderly Activities - Forum -- Read what our visitors have contributed. Lots of other fun ideas!
Senior Activities - By The Month -- This Master Page points you to lots more ideas, for each of the 12 months. Plus other general activities for each season, on our seasonal pages.